عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the basic goals of the Islamic Revolution of Iran has been to achieve justice, but the governments of the Islamic Republic of Iran have shaped different discourses about the concept of justice and its practical realization. This means that any government that has come into action has created a special discourse on justice that is different from the discourse of justice in previous governments. In other words, with the change of governments, the discourse of justice has also undergone a change. But it must be kept in mind that the development of discourses of justice does not take place in a vacuum, but these developments are rooted in social contexts. Therefore, in this paper, the discourse of justice in the three governments of Mr. Khatami, Ahmadinejad and Rouhani has been examined and this important question is raised: Which social grounds have led to the development of the discourse of justice in the above-mentioned governments? In response to this question, a hypothesis is proposed that contains two main variables, the "structure of the mass society" and "relative inefficiency of governments in the establishment of justice policies". The two main variables are measured by sub-variables. So that the variable of mass society based on two sub-variables "exclusion and foregrounding" and "availability" and the inefficient variables of governments are also measured based on three sub-variables "inefficiency of justice in the three areas of economic, political and socio-cultural". To examine the hypothesis, the elements of justice discourse are firstly analyzed in each government using discourse analysis method. Then, the information about the hypothesis variables is analyzed using the method of historical deductive sociology in the case of each of these governments. The results indicate that the above hypothesis is valid.