عنوان مقاله [English]
This article seeks to study the negative consequences of different economic policies in the Kurdistan border regions, with emphasis on border markets. The central question of the paper is ,that are the negative economic, social and cultural consequences of economic policies in Baneh and Marivan border regions. Qualitative research method and interview and observation technique have been used for data collection and study of world population of this region.The Groiubded theory method has been used for data analysis. The data are analyzed in descriptive and explanatory sections. In the first section, the descriptive findings such as age, education, are described, and in the explanatory section, interviews based on the paradigmatic model of the main research outcomes are analyzed. border regions are not balanced in terms of proportionate employment and that most influential and powerful individuals have benefited. Earnings were much better in the early years than they were today, but today their incomes have fallen sharply. The smuggling of goods has declined sharply before the implementation of economic policies, But, again, because of policies such as closing markets, the smuggling has not disappeared, and it is more or less continuing. Small-scale manufacturing-industrial jobs have been severely affected and have seen negative growth. Another consequence of these policies is the question of the quantitative and qualitative decline in youth education, coinciding with the peak of the boom in cross-border trade and commerce. Another negative consequence of economic policies is the social debate of the monetary subjectivity of the people, in which areas of money and personal property have become one of the causes of social value and dignity and empowerment. The central category is also formulated with respect to other categories and their implications:"the growth of the rentier petty bourgeoisie and the fragility of the socio-economic life of the frontiers".